Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Travis Hayes

First NameTravis
Last NameHayes
Year of Conviction1998
Year of Exoneration2007
Testing inculpated culpritNon-Cold Hit
State of ConvictionLouisiana
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeMurder
Death SentenceNo
Life / LWOP sentenceLife
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense


Did the defendant testify at trial?No
Types of evidence at trial
  • Confession
  • DNA excluded
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Were non-public facts alleged?Yes
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • DNA
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Valid (Excluded)
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

Testimony by defense witness that DNA testing excluded defendant.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Non-victim
Multiple eyewitnesses2
Lineup Procedures
  • Lineup
  • Photo array
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

Yes ● Eyewitnesses not told attacker might not be in line-up ● Show-up – eyewitness presented with the two suspects at scene – and then again in “line-up” or with just the two suspects again at the police station (see Mathews).

Quotes from testimony #1

“Q. Now Lieutenant, are you aware whether or not the two Defendants were placed together for purposes of identification prior to that? A. Yes. Q. And who was that done with? A. That was done with Lieutenant [], with the two witnesses, as well as the two Defendants. Q. So, the two Defendants were together in that identification procedure? A. Right, it was for a clarification purpose, because there was – – to make sure we had the person that was picked out as being the shooter and the other person as being not picked out.”

Unreliable Identification?

No – witnesses did not describe him with any detail; one called him “the short guy” for example.

Examples of Non-Public or Corroborated Facts and Inconsistencies

None; he simply agreed he was present as a getaway driver

Interrogation RecordedAudio recording of part of interrogation
Highest level reachedAppeal
Claims Raised During All Appeals and Postconviction
  • Jackson Claim
  • Sixth Amendment Right to Counsel
  • State Law Evidence Claim
Citations to judicial opinions

State v. Hayes, 806 So.2d 816 (La.App. 5 Cir.,2001)
State v. Hayes, 827 So.2d 1169 (La. 2002)
State v. Hayes, 843 So.2d 1119 (La. 2003)

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