Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Raymond Santana

First NameRaymond
Last NameSantana
Year of Conviction1990
Year of Exoneration2002
Testing inculpated culpritNon-Cold Hit
State of ConvictionNew York
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeHispanic
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defense attorney argued that the confession was involuntary.

Did the defendant testify at trial?No
Types of evidence at trial
  • Confession
  • DNA excluded
  • Forensic Evidence
  • Informant
Were non-public facts alleged?Yes
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • DNA
  • Hair
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Vague
  • Valid
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

Hair was found “similar” to those of the victim.

Examples of Non-Public or Corroborated Facts and Inconsistencies

● A white female, wearing jogging clothes, was attached in the Park. ● Described involvement attack on victim ● Victim was hit with a brick. ● Described a series of other attacks, including the radio headset work by male jogger. ● Told detectives during crime scene visit that victim was first struck on roadway and then dragged into the woods.

Quotes from law enforcement testimony

Testimony by detective that prior to interviewing Santana he did not know details concerning “other people that had been assaulted during the course of the evening.”

Quotes from prosecution arguments

“If you take the time to look at the evidence in this case, if you examine the photographs, if you look at the defendant’s statements, the evidence in this case again and again corroborates for you what the defendants describe, and admit they did in the park on that night.” “No one fed any information to Antron McCray, to Yusef Salaam or to Raymond Santana. And the reason you know that is because to this day [the victim] can’t tell you what happened to her in the park on that night.” “These defendants know exactly what happened to each victim…”

Interrogation RecordedVideotape of part of interrogation
Jailhouse informant, Co-defendant, Incentivized WitnessCD
Highest level reachedNR

Read more about this exoneration

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