Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Rafael Ruiz

First NameRafael
Last NameRuiz
Year of Conviction1985
Year of Exoneration2020
State of ConvictionNew York
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeHispanic
Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • No Transcript
Identity of eyewitness
  • Cross Racial Identification
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Photo array
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

Show-up procedure used, right after the photo array.

Suggestive photo array, with background in defendant’s photograph different from the others, all of the fillers were Black and had Afro hairstyles, while the defendant was Hispanic and did not.

Previous post
←  Ricky Davis