Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

James Long

First NameJames
Last NameLong
Year of Conviction1994
Year of Exoneration2019
State of ConvictionTexas
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaGuilty Plea
Type of CrimeRape and Murder
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeWhite
Did the defendant testify at trial?No
Types of evidence at trial
  • Confession
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
  • Informant
Were non-public facts alleged?Yes
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Ballistics
  • DNA
  • Fiber
  • Hair
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Vague
  • Valid (Excluded)
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

“There was one fiber from the white bed sheet that I could not exclude as coming from the master bedroom of the mobile home trailer. There was one trilobal fiber from the pink blanket that I could not exclude as coming from the bedroom of the mobile home trailer.”

And – “going through my steps of comparison with the comparison light microscope, the polarized light microscope, the fluorescence microscope and micro spectrophotometer, no differences at all were seen. That means that the fibers found with the bedding with the bodies either came from the carpet in the mobile trailer or carpet that is identical to that in the mobile trailer.”

Hair comparisons excluded the defendants

Firearms comparison of class characteristics concluded fragments were from .303 British Lee Enfield bolt-action rifle

DNA exclusions not disclosed at time of trial

Examples of Non-Public or Corroborated Facts and Inconsistencies

Described bolt action rifle used, victim having been wrapped in bedding and placed in truck, which had a loud exhaust and leaked transmission fluid.

Jailhouse informant, Co-defendant, Incentivized WitnessCo-defendants made inculpatory statements