Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

James Giles

First NameJames
Last NameGiles
Year of Conviction1983
Year of Exoneration2007
Testing inculpated culpritNon-Cold Hit
State of ConvictionTexas
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Type of Innocence Defense
  • Alibi
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defendant’s wife testified that her husband went to bed with her and stayed in bed all night. ● Victim’s description of assailant did not match defendant in height, age, facial hair, clothes, or watch.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

“Q: Are you guilty? A. No, I am not guilty.”

Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Fingerprint
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Valid (Excluded)
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

There was only a defense analyst, who presented the evidence excluding the defendant.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Cross Racial Identification
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Photo array
Suggestive Procedures

Yes ● Victim not told attacker might not be in line-up ● Multiple eyewitnesses present at array

Quotes from testimony #1

Victim testified, “after I had identified it and said, ‘This is definitely him,’ my husband said, ‘I stumbled on that picture, too.’” Officer said only “Do you recognize any of these men?”

Unreliable Identification?

No ● Discrepancies in description – age, two prominent gold teeth that the victim did not describe, facial hair

Quotes from testimony #2

Defense lawyer pointed out in closings, “Now, what is unusual to me is that he has got two gold teeth, two prominent gold teeth. No mention of that.” Victim testified that attacker had no prominent mustache or other facial hair.

Highest level reachedNR
Citations to judicial opinions

Giles v. State, No. 05‐83‐00702‐CR (Tex. App. Dallas, November 7, 1984)

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