|Year of Conviction||1985|
|Year of Exoneration||2007|
|Testing inculpated culprit||Non-Cold Hit|
|State of Conviction||Georgia|
|Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty Plea||Trial|
|Type of Crime||Rape|
|Gender of Exoneree||Male|
|Race of exoneree||Black|
|Type of Innocence Defense|
|Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense|
● Defendant’s friend’s mother testified that defendant was at her house at the time the crime occurred.
|Did the defendant testify at trial?||Yes|
|Quotes from Exoneree Testimony|
Defendand denied committing the offense and described his whereabouts the evening of the crime. He testified “I’m not familiar with that area” where the crime took place and that “I don’t have a driver’s license or a car” with which he could have travelled there.
|Types of evidence at trial|
|Type of Forensic Evidence|
|Types of Flawed Forensics|
|Reason why invalid||(1), (3) Masking, false probability|
|Brief Quote / Description of Testimony|
The victim was an O secretor, O blood group substances were found, and Williams was a non-secretor. The analyst claimed to exclude 44% and include O secretors and all non-secretors – but not A or B secretors. In fact none could be eliminated. See Part II.A.1 for a description of the problem of masking and non-quantification and discussion of similar cases.
|Identity of eyewitness|
Yes ● Suggestive remarks – told victim suspect may be in photo array, and told other victim before show-up that man had been arrested for something else ● Show-up – first live identification by both victims was at preliminary hearing, where defendant was brought before them by police ● Show-up – one victim shown other victim’s composite drawing prior to preparing one. Also brought victim to apartment of second victim while she viewed photo array.
|Quotes from testimony #1|
Officer testified: “After showing the composite drawing, she informed me that – she stated that that’s him, that’s him” “I informed her that I had a spread, some pictures for her to look at, one of the pictures that I think may be the suspect…” First victim – “they told me they had arrested the man for something else, to bring him to let me see him. If that wasn’t him they would keep looking. They brought him in and they said take a look but we need to know if this was him.”
No – although one victim described medium complexion, while another described dark complexion
|Highest level reached||Appeal|
|Claims Raised During All Appeals and Postconviction|
|Harmless Error Rulings|
|Citations to judicial opinions|
Williams v. State, 181 Ga. App. 693 (1987)