Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Robert Miller

First NameRobert
Last NameMiller
Year of Conviction1988
Year of Exoneration1998
Testing inculpated culpritNon-Cold Hit
State of ConvictionOklahoma
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape and Murder
Death SentenceYes
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defense argued confession was false.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

Defendant recanted his confession of “visions” or a “nightmare” concerning the crimes, and claimed his innocence, denying ever having come into contact with the victims.

Types of evidence at trial
  • Confession
  • Forensic Evidence
Were non-public facts alleged?Yes
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Hair
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Error
  • Vague
  • Valid
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

The analyst concluded that Miller’s hairs were “similar” to questioned hairs and excluded a person later shown by DNA testing to have been the perpetrator. Hair analysis later conducted also disagreed with the analyst’s conclusions.

Examples of Non-Public or Corroborated Facts and Inconsistencies

● Victim was attacked in her kitchen ● Victim was wearing a nightgown and robe ● Described victim’s bedroom accurately, including location in the house, that it included a night stand with a lamp, and a religious picture over the bed ● Second victim killed in front bedroom ● Second victim’s electricity had been cut off ● Second victim wearing a nightgown ● Perpetrator tore his clothes during the attack and left a piece of his underwear behind. ● Second victim raped more than once on bed, covered with sheets ● Second victim’s hair was pulled. ● Perpetrator wiped his bloody hands on her bed sheets. ● Described the positions in which the bodies were found. BUT, among other inconsistentcies, he described stabbing both victims, and neither was stabbed.

Quotes from law enforcement testimony

“When we arrived at the front of [second victim’s] residence, and specifically we were standing at the northeast corner of [her] house, he pointed to the windows on the east side of the residence at the front of the house and he said that that was the bedroom in which [she] was at the time she was killed. And this was interesting to me at the time because the fact that these windows, all of [her] windows were totally covered and that you could not see into these windows or see out, either one. It was interesting that he knew that that was the particular room since no one could obviously see into those windows.” A detective denied showing Miller crime scene photos or photographs of the victims.

Quotes from prosecution arguments

“There’s only one way that Robert Miller knows what’s in Anna Fowler’s bedroom and that is because he was there the night he killed her.” “He described the details … details that only the killer could have known.” “He knew the intricate details. How did he know them? Now, sure, like he said, he threw in some other stuff. And if you listened carefully, these detectives never once suggested an answer to him. They might have repeated questions over and over. Never once – they didn’t suggest he [left] his underwear. As a recall, well, he may have left a shoe, he may have left a glove, and then he said, no, he may have left his underwear. They didn’t suggest that to him. “

Interrogation RecordedVideo recordong of part of interrogation
Highest level reachedNR

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