Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Marvin Anderson

First NameMarvin
Last NameAnderson
Year of Conviction1982
Year of Exoneration2002
Testing inculpated culpritCold Hit
State of ConvictionVirginia
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Type of Innocence Defense
  • Alibi
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defendant’s mother and her neighbor both saw defendant washing car at the time of the crime. ● Defendant’s girlfriend testified she was with him on the night of the crime.

Did the defendant testify at trial?No
Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Valid (Non-probative)
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

Due to the phenomenon of masking and quantification, “there would be no one eliminated” by the serological results.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Cross Racial Identification
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Composite drawing
  • Lineup
  • Photo array
Suggestive Procedures

Yes ● Suggestive line-up – the photo of Anderson was the only color photo and the only one with an employee number ● Not told that the attacker might not be in the array

Quotes from testimony #1

Detective: Q. Now isn’t it true that that photograph was an employee identification photograph from Kings Dominion? A. Uh, it was a one-on-one photograph of the I.D. card, yes, sir. A. Yes, sir. Now isn’t it true that that photograph had either a social security number or some type of employee number on the face of it and that made it completely different from the other photographs, sir? A. Yes, sir. Q. Now just before the line-up or during the line-up, had you told, uh, Miss Gardner anything? A. Did I tell her anything? Q. Yes, sir. A. I asked her to go in and look at the seven people in the room to see if she could identify the man that committed the crime. Q. So did you tell her that the suspect had been arrested? A. We asked her to go in and look at the people in the line-up to see if she could pick out the suspect.

Unreliable Identification?

No ●Discrepancy in description, including facial hair and height

Highest level reachedNR

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