Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Donald Reynolds

First NameDonald
Last NameReynolds
Year of Conviction1988
Year of Exoneration1997
State of ConvictionIllinois
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Error
  • Invalid
Reason why invalid(1), (3) Masking; false probability
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

The victim was an A secretor and Reynolds an O secretor. “When I ran that swab I picked up both A and H activity which is indicative of a Type A individual and a Type O individual.” “Donald Reynolds is included in the group that could have deposited the semen on that swab.” The analyst agreed that more than 43% has that type. The analyst ignored masking, where the substances detected were entirely consistent with victim. See Dr. Edward Blake, Review of the Testimony of Pamela Fish, January 9, 2001. See Part II.A.1 for a description of the problem of masking and non-quantification and discussion of similar cases.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Cross Racial Identification
  • Victim
Multiple eyewitnesses2
Suggestive Procedures

No transcript

Highest level reachedAppeal
Claims Raised During All Appeals and Postconviction
  • Motion for DNA Testing
  • Sentencing — Noncapital
Harmless Error Rulings
  • G
Citations to judicial opinions

People v. Wardell, 595 N.E.2d 1148 (Ill. 1992)

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