Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Dana Holland

First Name Dana
Last NameHolland
Year of Conviction1997
Year of Exoneration2003
Testing inculpated culpritNon-Cold Hit
State of ConvictionIllinois
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape and Murder
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Type of Innocence Defense
  • Alibi
  • Third Party Guilt
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defense argued that another man – who was wearing the same cloth and hair style as the defendant – was the actual perpetrator.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

“Q: Were you ever — did you ever participate in any of the events that [the victim] testified to here in court this afternoon? A: No, I didn’t. Q: Did you have anything whatsoever to do with the incident that [the victim] testified to? A: No, I didn’t.”

Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Error
  • Not Disclosed
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

There was no testimony by an analyst at trial, however, the analyst submitted a report claiming that the material was insufficient for DNA testing, which it was not even at the time,

Identity of eyewitness
  • Intraracial Identificaiton
  • Victim
Multiple eyewitnesses2
Lineup Procedures
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

Yes ● Suggestive lineup – defendant was only person wearing prison pants ● Victim not told attacker might not be in line-up ● Suggestive remarks ● Show-up in second case, conducted properly, shortly after incident

Quotes from testimony #1

Victim had been told “if there was anybody arrested matching the description she gave on the original report, that she would be asked to view a lineup.” Officer then told victim prior to lineup that they had a suspect who was arrested and who had her identification. Officer noted that at the lineup “I believe Mr. Holland was wearing a full prison uniform,” although he claimed that a table blocked some of that from view.

Unreliable Identification?

Yes ● Initial non-identification

Quotes from testimony #2

“A. They asked me is this the man that raped me. Q. And when they asked you that, what did you say? A. I hesitated and then I said no.” She then “started to cry some more” and “I identified the defendant.”

Highest level reachedNR