Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Billy James Smith

First NameBilly James
Last NameSmith
Year of Conviction1987
Year of Exoneration2006
State of ConvictionTexas
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Life / LWOP sentenceLife
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Type of Innocence Defense
  • Alibi
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defendant’s sister testified that defendant was asleep during the night that the crime occurred.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

“Q: Did you assault [the victim] as she has indicated from the witness stand? A: No sir, I did not. I’ve never seen this woman a day in my life.”

Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Valid (Non-probative)
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

The analyst testified that “there was not a sufficient quantity of seminal fluid to determine genetic markers in this case.”

Identity of eyewitness
  • Intraracial Identificaiton
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

No ● Show-up – conducted properly immediately following incident

Unreliable Identification?


Quotes from testimony #2

“Q: Was there any doubt in your mind then that he was the one? A: No. Q: Is there any doubt in your mind now thathe’s the one? A: No.”

Highest level reachedNR
Citations to judicial opinions

Smith v. State, No. 05‐87‐00191‐CR (Tex. App.‐Dallas Jan. 26, 1988)
Smith v. State, 2004 WL 213661 (Tex. App.‐Dallas 2004)

Read more about this exoneration