Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Anthony Woods

First NameAnthony
Last NameWoods
Year of Conviction1984
Year of Exoneration2015
State of ConvictionMissouri
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Type of Innocence Defense
  • Alibi
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defendant’s father, sister, and two brothers all testified that the defendant was sleeping in his basement bedroom when the crime occurred.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

Described whereabouts the day of the crime.

Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Invalid
Reason why invalid(1) Masking
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

The victim was an A secretor and stains all exhibited A blood group substances. The analyst excluded AB and B people, which added up to 11% of black population. However, none could be excluded where the substances could entirely have originated with the victim. See Part II.A.1 for a description of the problem of masking and non-quantification and discussion of similar cases.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Intraracial Identificaiton
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Photo array
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

Yes ● Show-ups at defendant’s jail cell, and with single photograph

Quotes from testimony #1

After victim did not identify defendant’s photo in array, she saw him walk by and people in the neighborhood “went and caught him.” She was then brought to his jail cell for a show up. “Q. And when you went to his cell at the Police Department on October 10 Anthony Woods was alone in that cell? A. Yes.” “Q. While you were at the Police Station and Anthony Woods was at the Police Station, isn’t it true that you were told by the police that you had seen Anthony Woods’ photograph earlier? A. Yes. Q. They told you that? A. Yes. Q. And they showed you the photograph that you had seen. A. Yes.”

Unreliable Identification?

Yes ● Initial nonidentification

Quotes from testimony #2

Victim did not identify defendant’s photo in array. “Q. You did not pick out anybody in that book as the person who had assaulted you that morning, did you? A. No.” She later explained that he looked younger in the photo and that his hair looked different, although she did not see her attacker’s hair.

Highest level reachedState Post­ Conviction
Claims Raised During All Appeals and Postconviction
  • Jury Instructions
  • Jury Selection
Harmless Error Rulings
  • HE
Citations to judicial opinions

State v. Woods, 705 S.W.2d 76 (Mo. App. E.D. 1985)

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