Convicting the Innocent
DNA Exonerations Database

Anthony Robinson

First NameAnthony
Last NameRobinson
Year of Conviction1987
Year of Exoneration2000
State of ConvictionTexas
Trial, Bench Trial, or Guilty PleaTrial
Type of CrimeRape
Death SentenceNo
Gender of ExonereeMale
Race of exonereeBlack
Description / Quotes from Testimony Concerning Defense

● Defendant had chicken pox bumps, scars on his arm, and a large gap in his teeth that were not mentioned in the victim’s description. ● Perpetrator mentioned that he had spent time in jail but defendant did not have a criminal record. ● Victim claimed that attacker smelled of smoke but defendant did not smoke.

Did the defendant testify at trial?Yes
Quotes from Exoneree Testimony

“A: He said why did I do it. I said, ‘I told you before I didn’t do anything.’ And I said, you know, ‘I didn’t do anything.’ And he said, ‘Well, you know, that is going to be for you to prove.’) . . . Q: Have you ever seen that lady in your life before this trial? A: No, sir.”

Types of evidence at trial
  • Eyewitness
  • Forensic Evidence
Type of Forensic Evidence
  • Serology
Types of Flawed Forensics
  • Invalid
Reason why invalid(1) Masking
Brief Quote / Description of Testimony

Both victim and defendant were A secretors; “the sub type found in the semen was the same as the sub type found in the blood of the victim and the suspect.” However, analyst provided statistic that 40% are type A. See Part II.A.1 for a description of the problem of masking and non-quantification and discussion of similar cases.

Identity of eyewitness
  • Cross Racial Identification
  • Victim
Lineup Procedures
  • Lineup
  • Showup
Suggestive Procedures

No ● Show-up – properly conducted shortly after the incident

Unreliable Identification?

No ● Discrepancy in description – victim did not describe scars, pock marks

Quotes from testimony #2

“Q: Well, okay. Were there any marks on his body? A: I didn’t notice any marks. Q: Any scars on his body? A: Not that I noticed. Q: Any chickenpox bumps all over his body? A: Not that I noticed. “A. I didn’t notice any marks. Q. Any scars on his body? A. Not that I noticed.” In statement to police, told them that she did not get a good look at the attacker.

Highest level reachedFederalHabeas
Claims Raised During All Appeals and Postconviction
  • Brady
  • Fourth Amendment
  • Ineffective Assistance of Counsel
  • Jury Instructions
  • Jury Selection
  • Prosecutorial Misconduct
  • State Law Evidence Claim
  • Suggestive Eyewitness Identification
  • Wade Counsel at Lineup Claim
Harmless Error Rulings
  • G
  • HE
  • NP
  • OG
Citations to judicial opinions

Robinson v. State, 1989 WL 102335 (Tex. App‐Hous. (14 Dist.), 1989)
Robinson v. Scott, 50 F.3d 1033 (5th Cir. 1995)

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